top of page

Food Group

Public·18 members

Learn Everything You Need to Know About Animation with Understanding Animation Paul Wells Pdf

Understanding Animation Paul Wells Pdf

Are you interested in learning more about animation? Do you want to know how animation works, what are the different types and styles of animation, and how to create your own animation projects? If so, you might want to check out Understanding Animation, a book by Paul Wells that covers all these topics and more.

Understanding Animation Paul Wells Pdf

Paul Wells is a professor of film studies at Loughborough University in the UK. He is also an author, critic, animator, and filmmaker who has written several books on animation theory and practice. He is an expert in the field of animation studies and has contributed to many journals and conferences on the subject.

In his book Understanding Animation, Wells provides a comprehensive overview of animation as an art form and a medium. He explores the history, principles, techniques, genres, functions, challenges, trends, appreciation, learning, creation, and sharing of animation. He also includes many examples and case studies from various countries and cultures to illustrate his points.

The book is divided into nine chapters that cover the following topics:

What is animation?

In this chapter, Wells defines animation as "the creation of moving images through the manipulation of all varieties of techniques apart from live action methods" (p. 1). He traces the origins and evolution of animation from prehistoric cave paintings to modern digital technologies. He also examines the cultural and social significance of animation as a form of expression and communication.

How does animation work?

In this chapter, Wells explains the basic principles and techniques of animation that create the illusion of movement. He discusses concepts such as frame rate, timing, motion, and sound and how they affect the quality and style of animation. He also compares and contrasts different methods and tools of animating such as drawing, painting, cutting, sculpting, modeling, and programming.

What are the types of animation?

In this chapter, Wells classifies and describes the main genres and styles of animation that have emerged over time. He identifies four major categories: traditional, computer, stop-motion, and experimental animation. He analyzes the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of each type and provides examples of famous works and artists in each category.

What are the functions of animation?

In this chapter, Wells analyzes the purposes and effects of animation in different contexts and domains. He argues that animation can serve various functions such as entertainment, education, propaganda, and art. He explores how animation can inform, persuade, amuse, inspire, and challenge the viewers and how it can reflect and influence the society and culture it is produced in.

What are the challenges of animation?

In this chapter, Wells discusses the difficulties and limitations of animation production and distribution. He identifies some of the main challenges that animators face such as budget, technology, censorship, and audience. He explains how these factors can affect the creative process and the artistic vision of the animators. He also suggests some strategies and solutions to overcome these obstacles and to achieve success and recognition in the animation industry.

What are the trends of animation?

In this chapter, Wells reviews the current and future developments and innovations in animation. He observes how animation is becoming more interactive, transmedia, and virtual reality. He examines how these trends are changing the way animation is produced, consumed, and experienced. He also predicts how animation will evolve and adapt to the new technologies and demands of the 21st century.

How to appreciate animation?

In this chapter, Wells guides the readers on how to critically evaluate and enjoy animation works. He introduces some criteria and methods to analyze animation from different perspectives, such as aesthetics, narrative, character, and message. He also encourages the readers to develop their own taste and opinion about animation and to appreciate the diversity and richness of the animation medium.

How to learn animation?

In this chapter, Wells recommends some resources and opportunities to acquire and improve animation skills and knowledge. He suggests some books, courses, software, and online platforms that can help the readers learn the basics and advanced techniques of animation. He also advises the readers to practice, experiment, and collaborate with other animators to enhance their learning experience.

How to create animation?

In this chapter, Wells provides a step-by-step tutorial on how to make a simple animation project from scratch. He explains how to plan, design, animate, edit, and export an animation using a free software called Blender. He also shows some examples and screenshots of his own animation project to demonstrate the process and the result.


In conclusion, Understanding Animation is a book that covers everything you need to know about animation. It is a comprehensive, informative, and engaging guide that will help you understand, appreciate, learn, create, and share animation. Whether you are a beginner or an expert, a student or a professional, a fan or a critic, you will find something valuable and interesting in this book. If you want to get a copy of this book, you can download it for free as a PDF file from this link: Happy reading and happy animating!


  • What is the difference between animation and live action?

Animation is the creation of moving images through the manipulation of techniques apart from live action methods. Live action is the recording of real people and objects using cameras.

  • What are some of the benefits of animation?

Animation can offer some benefits such as: - It can create images and worlds that are impossible or impractical in live action. - It can express ideas and emotions that are difficult or sensitive in live action. - It can appeal to a wide range of audiences across ages, cultures, and languages. - It can stimulate imagination, creativity, and curiosity in both creators and viewers.

  • What are some of the drawbacks of animation?

Animation can also have some drawbacks such as: - It can be time-consuming, expensive, and complex to produce. - It can be limited by technology, resources, and regulations. - It can be misunderstood or misused by creators or viewers. - It can face competition or criticism from other media or genres.

  • Who are some of the most influential animators in history?

There are many influential animators in history who have contributed to the development and diversity of animation. Some of them are:





Walt Disney



Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia, The Lion King

Hayao Miyazaki



Spirited Away, Princess Mononoke, My Neighbor Totoro

John Lasseter



Toy Story, Finding Nemo, Cars

Nick Park



Wallace and Gromit, Chicken Run, Shaun the Sheep

Norman McLaren



Begone Dull Care, Neighbours, Pas de deux

  • How can I improve my animation skills?

The best way to improve your animation skills is to practice and learn from others. You can try to animate something every day, even if it is just a simple exercise or a short clip. You can also watch and study other animations that you like or admire and try to understand how they were made and what makes them effective. You can also join online or offline communities of animators and share your work and feedback with them.

How to share animation?

If you have created an animation project that you are proud of and want to share it with the world, there are many ways to do so. You can publish and promote your animation work online and offline, depending on your goals and preferences. Here are some suggestions:

Publish online

The easiest and most popular way to share your animation work is to upload it to an online platform that supports video hosting and streaming. Some of the most common platforms are:

  • YouTube: The largest and most popular video-sharing website in the world. You can create a channel for your animation work and reach a global audience. You can also monetize your videos and earn money from ads or subscriptions.

  • Vimeo: A video-sharing website that focuses on high-quality and artistic content. You can upload your animation work and showcase it in a professional and elegant way. You can also join groups and channels related to animation and network with other animators.

  • Newgrounds: A website that hosts user-generated content such as games, movies, art, and music. You can upload your animation work and get feedback and ratings from other users. You can also participate in contests and events related to animation.

  • Dribbble: A website that showcases the work of designers, illustrators, animators, and other creative professionals. You can upload your animation work and get exposure and recognition from other creatives. You can also follow and interact with other animators and find inspiration for your next project.

Promote offline

If you want to share your animation work in a more physical and personal way, you can also try to promote it offline. Some of the ways to do so are:

  • Festivals: There are many festivals around the world that celebrate and showcase animation works of different genres and styles. You can submit your animation work to these festivals and get a chance to screen it in front of a live audience. You can also meet and network with other animators, critics, producers, and distributors.

  • Competitions: There are many competitions that reward and recognize animation works of different categories and levels. You can enter your animation work to these competitions and get a chance to win prizes, awards, or recognition. You can also challenge yourself and improve your skills by competing with other animators.

  • Social media: There are many social media platforms that allow you to share your animation work with your friends, family, or followers. You can post your animation work on platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or TikTok and get likes, comments, or shares. You can also use hashtags, tags, or stories to increase your visibility and reach.

  • Portfolio: If you want to showcase your animation work in a more professional and organized way, you can create a portfolio website or a blog. You can upload your animation work and add some information about yourself, your skills, your experience, and your contact details. You can also use your portfolio to apply for jobs, projects, or collaborations related to animation.


In conclusion, sharing your animation work is a great way to express yourself, connect with others, and grow as an animator. You can choose the best way to share your animation work depending on your purpose, preference, and audience. Whether you publish online or promote offline, you can always find someone who will appreciate and enjoy your animation work.


  • Where can I find more animation works to watch and learn from?

There are many sources and resources where you can find more animation works to watch and learn from. Some of them are:

  • Books: There are many books that feature and analyze animation works from different perspectives and aspects. Some examples are: The Animator's Survival Kit by Richard Williams, The Illusion of Life by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, The Art of Animation by Bob Thomas, Understanding Animation by Paul Wells.

  • Movies: There are many movies that showcase animation works of different genres and styles. Some examples are: The Iron Giant by Brad Bird, The Incredibles by Pixar, The Nightmare Before Christmas by Tim Burton, Spirited Away by Studio Ghibli.

  • TV shows: There are many TV shows that feature animation works of different formats and themes. Some examples are: The Simpsons by Matt Groening, Adventure Time by Pendleton Ward, Rick and Morty by Justin Roiland and Dan Harmon, BoJack Horseman by Raphael Bob-Waksberg.

  • Shorts: There are many shorts that display animation works of different techniques and expressions. Some examples are: Geri's Game by Pixar, Paperman by Disney, Father and Daughter by Michael Dudok de Wit, Birds of a Feather by Andrea Kelly.

  • Websites: There are many websites that collect and curate animation works from different sources and platforms. Some examples are: Cartoon Brew, Animation World Network, Animated Short Films, Animation Magazine.

  • How can I get feedback on my animation work?

There are many ways to get feedback on your animation work from different people and perspectives. Some of them are:

  • Mentors: You can find a mentor who is an experienced or professional animator who can guide you and advise you on your animation work. You can ask them for tips, suggestions, critiques, or recommendations on how to improve your animation skills and projects.

  • Peers: You can find peers who are fellow animators who can support you and collaborate with you on your animation work. You can share your work with them and get feedback from them on what they like or dislike about your animation. You can also give feedback to them on their work and learn from each other.

  • Clients: You can find clients who are interested in hiring you or buying your animation work. You can show them your work and get feedback from them on what they want or expect from your animation. You can also negotiate with them on the terms and conditions of the contract or deal.

  • Audience: You can find an audience who is willing to watch and enjoy your animation work. You can present your work to them and get feedback from them on what they think or feel about your animation. You can also measure their response and reaction using metrics such as views, likes, comments, or shares.

  • How can I make money from my animation work?

There are many ways to make money from your animation work depending on your skills, goals, and preferences. Some of them are:

  • Employment: You can find a job as an animator in a company or an organization that produces animation works for various purposes and clients. You can work as part of a team or a department and get paid a salary or a wage for your work.

  • Freelance: You can find projects or gigs as an animator in a platform or a marketplace that connects animators with clients who need animation works for various purposes and budgets. You can work independently or with other freelancers and get paid a fee or a commission for your work.

  • Entrepreneurship: You can start your own business or studio as an animator and create your own animation works for various purposes and audiences. You can work alone or with other partners and get paid by selling your works or services to customers or sponsors.

  • Educator: You can teach animation skills and knowledge to others who want to learn animation for various reasons and levels. You can work as a teacher or a trainer in a school, a college, a course, or an online platform and get paid by charging a tuition or a subscription fee for your lessons.

  • What are some of the best practices for animation?

There are many best practices for animation that can help you create better and more effective animation works. Some of them are:

  • Plan ahead: Before you start animating, you should have a clear idea of what you want to animate, why you want to animate it, and how you want to animate it. You should also have a storyboard, a script, a design, and a timeline for your animation project.

  • Follow the principles: When you animate, you should follow the basic principles of animation that create the illusion of movement and life. Some of these principles are: squash and stretch, anticipation, staging, pose to pose, follow through and overlapping action, ease in and out, arcs, secondary action, timing, exaggeration, solid drawing, and appeal.

  • Test and refine: After you animate, you should test and refine your animation work to make sure it works well and looks good. You should check for errors, glitches, inconsistencies, or improvements in your animation. You should also get feedback from others and make changes accordingly.



Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...


  • nap123
  • Мария Флорова
    Мария Флорова
  • Promise Love
    Promise Love
  • Labrador Ralf
    Labrador Ralf
  • Andre
Group Page: Groups_SingleGroup
bottom of page